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Thermophysical Properties of Nanofluids

Author(s):

Reyhan Arslan, Veysel Ahmet Özdemir, Emel Akyol, Ahmet Selim Dalkilic* and Somchai Wongwises   Pages 1 - 34 ( 34 )

Abstract:


Nanofluids, consist of base liquid and nano-sized conductive particles, are widely acclaimed as a new generation liquid for heat transfer applications. Since it possesses a variety of conductive particles, it can be efficiently utilized in the heat exchanger. These nano-sized conductive particles can increase the surface area, thus the heat transfer area, and change the thermophysical features of nanofluids. Density, thermal conductivity, viscosity, and heat capacity are crucial parameters and cannot be underestimated in heat transfer. These properties can be manipulated by the particle and base-liquid, and significantly influence the performance of nanofluids. For the last decade, several models, equations, and investigations were performed to examine the parameters that promote the properties. The review is necessary for terms of classifying the studies both compatible, and contradictory on the effects of density, thermal conductivity, viscosity, and heat capacity on the performance of nanofluids.

Keywords:

Review, nanofluids, viscosity, specific heat, thermal conductivity, densityReview, nanofluids, viscosity, specific heat, thermal conductivity, density

Affiliation:

Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University (YTU), Davutpasa, Esenler, Istanbul 34210, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Yildiz, Besiktas, Istanbul 34349, Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University (YTU), Davutpasa, Esenler, Istanbul 34210, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Yildiz Technical University, Yildiz, Besiktas, Istanbul 34349, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangmod, Bangkok 10140



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