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Nanostructured Titanium Alloys Surface Modification Technology for Antibacterial and Osteogenic Properties

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 2 ]


Qingge Wang, Laizhi Wu, Shifeng Liu *, Peng Cao, Junlin Yang* and Liqiang Wang *   Pages 175 - 193 ( 19 )


Background: Titanium (Ti) and its alloys are potential metal materials in dental and orthopedic applications, due to their excellent mechanical properties and biocompatibility. Despite these properties, revision surgery is painful for millions of patients and may cause secondary injury, calling for a solution to this issue. Compared to antibiotics used in a clinical context, novel biomaterials display powerful application potential due to their stronger antibacterial activity, reduced drug resistance and excellent biocompatibility. Antibacterial ions have a crucial effect, particularly for nanostructured metals.

Objective: This review focuses on the antibacterial functions and osteogenic properties of surface modification based on Ag, Zn, Cu and other nonmetallic ions.

Methods: The first part of the review briefly describes the issues with bacterial infection of Ti implants. The methods of surface modification are then introduced in detail. Lastly, other strategies used to improve antibacterial and osteogenic properties are also provided.

Conclusion: Although anti-infective research is valuable, there is still a gap present between theoretical strategies and those that are clinically implemented strategies. There is an urgent need to transform the findings of research into clinical applications.


Titanium alloys, Ag/Zn/Cu ions, bioactive coatings, antibacterial activity, osteogenic properties, synthesis methods.


School of Metallurgical Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, No.13 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710055, Jiujiang Branch of Tianjin Nautical Instrument Research Institute, Jiujiang 332007, School of Metallurgical Engineering, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, No.13 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710055, Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, State Key Laboratory of Metal Matrix Composites, School of Material Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240

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