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Experimental Measurement of Thermophysical Properties of Alumina- MWCNTs/Salt–Water Hybrid Nanofluids

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Amir Hossein Sharifi, Iman Zahmatkesh*, Fatemeh F. Bamoharram, Amir Hossein Shokouhi Tabrizi, Safieh Fazel Razavi and Sara Saneinezhad   Pages 734 - 747 ( 14 )

Abstract:


Background: Hybrid nanofluids are considered as an extension of conventional nanofluids which are prepared through suspending two or more nanoparticles in the base fluids. Previous studies on hybrid nanofluids have measured their thermal conductivity overlooking other thermophysical properties such as viscosity and electrical conductivity.

Objective: An experimental investigation is undertaken to measure thermal conductivity, viscosity, and electrical conductivity of a hybrid nanofluid prepared through dispersing alumina nanoparticles and multiwall carbon nanotubes in saltwater. These properties are the main important factors that must be assessed before performance analysis for industrial applications.

Methods: The experimental data were collected for different values of the nanoparticle volume fraction, temperature, salt concentration, and pH value. Attention was paid to explore the consequences of these parameters on the nanofluid’s properties and to find optimal conditions to achieve the highest value of the thermal conductivity and the lowest values of the electrical conductivity and the viscosity.

Results: The results demonstrate that although the impacts of the pH value and the nanoparticle volume fraction on the nanofluid’s thermophysical properties are not monotonic, optimal conditions for each of the properties are reachable. It is found that the inclusion of the salt in the base fluid may not change the thermal conductivity noticeably. However, a considerable reduction in the viscosity and substantial elevation in the electrical conductivity occur with an increase in the salt concentration.

Conclusion: With the addition of salt to a base fluid, the thermophysical properties of a nanofluid can be controlled.

Keywords:

Hybrid nanofluid, salt water, viscosity, thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, pH value.

Affiliation:

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Department of Chemistry, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Department of Chemistry, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Department of Chemistry, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad



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