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Experimental Study on the Specific Heat Capacity Measurement of Water- Based Al2O3-Cu Hybrid Nanofluid by using Differential Thermal Analysis Method

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 6 ]


Andaç Batur Çolak, Oğuzhan Yıldız, Mustafa Bayrak, Ali Celen, Ahmet Selim Dalkılıç* and Somchai Wongwises   Pages 912 - 928 ( 17 )


Background: Researchers working in the field of nanofluid have done many studies on the thermophysical properties of nanofluids. Among these studies, the number of studies on specific heat is rather limited. In the study of the heat transfer performance of nanofluids, it is essential to raise the number of specific heat studies, whose subject is one of the important thermophysical properties.

Objective: The authors aimed to measure the specific heat values of Al2O3/water, Cu/water nanofluids and Al2O3-Cu/water hybrid nanofluids using the DTA procedure, and compare the results with those frequently used in the literature. In addition, this study focuses on the effect of temperature and volume concentration on specific heat.

Methods: The two-step method was tried to have nanofluids. The pure water selected as the base fluid was mixed with the Al2O3 and Cu nanoparticles and Arabic Gum as the surfactant, firstly mixed in the magnetic stirrer for half an hour. It was then homogenized for 6 hours in the ultrasonic homogenizer.

Results: After the experiments, the specific heat of nanofluids and hybrid nanofluid were compared and the temperature and volume concentration of specific heat were investigated. Then, the experimental results obtained for all three fluids were compared with the two frequently used correlations in the literature.

Conclusion: Specific heat capacity increased with increasing temperature, and decreased with increasing volume concentration for three tested nanofluids. Cu/water has the lowest specific heat capacity among all tested fluids. Experimental specific heat capacity measurement results are compared by using the models developed by Pak and Cho and Xuan and Roetzel. According to experimental results, these correlations can predict experimental results within the range of ±1%.


Hybrid nanofluid, specific heat capacity, differential thermal analysis, magnetic stirrer, ultrasonic homogenizer, heat transfer, nanoparticle.


Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde 51240, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde 51240, Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University, Niğde 51240, Erzincan Binali Yıldırım University, Erzincan 24100, Yildiz Technical University, Yildiz, Besiktas, Istanbul 34349, Fluid Mechanics, Thermal Engineering and Multiphase Flow Research Lab (FUTURE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi (KMUTT), Bangkok 10140

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