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Recent Advances in Plant Nanobionics and Nanobiosensors for Toxicology Applications

Author(s):

Mohammad Hasan Dad Ansari, Santosh Lavhale, Raviraj M. Kalunke, Prabhakar L. Srivastava, Vaibhav Pandit, Subodh Gade, Sanjay Yadav, Peter Laux, Andreas Luch, Donato Gemmati, Paolo Zamboni and Ajay Vikram Singh*   Pages 1 - 15 ( 15 )

Abstract:


Emerging applications in the field of nanotechnology are able to solve a gamut of problems surrounding the applications of agroecosystems and food technology. Nano Engineered Material (NEM) based nanosensors are important tools for monitoring plant signaling pathways and metabolism that are nondestructive, minimally invasive, and can provide real-time analysis of biotic and abiotic threats for better plant health. These sensors are able measure chemical flux even at the single-molecule level. Therefore, plant health could be monitored through nutrient management, disease assessment, plant hormones level, environmental pollution, etc. This review provides a comprehensive account of the current trends, practices, proposed NEM related research and their (i) structural aspect, (ii) experimental design and performance and (iii) mechanisms during field application in agriculture and food system. This review also discusses the possibility of integration of data from NEM based nanosensors in current and emerging trends of precision agriculture, urban farming, and plant nanobionics to address sustainable approach in agriculture.

Keywords:

Nanotechnology, agro-ecosystems, nanobionics, engineered nanomaterials, nanosensors, nanotoxicology

Affiliation:

Department of Physical Intelligence, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Heisenbergstr. 3, Stuttgart 70569, Biochemical Sciences Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune 411008, Institute of Plant and Microbial Biology (IPMB), Academia Sinica, Taipei, School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Cardiff, CF10 3AT, Dynex Technologies Inc. 14340 Sullyfield Circle, Chantilly, VA 20151, Department of Technology, University of Pune, Ganeshkhind, Pune 411007, Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU, Varanasi, Department of Chemical and Product Safety, German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Max-Dohrn-Strasse 8-10, Berlin 10589, Department of Chemical and Product Safety, German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Max-Dohrn-Strasse 8-10, Berlin 10589, Hemostasis & Thrombosis Center, Azienda Ospedaliera-Universitaria di Ferrara, via Aldo Moro 8, 44124 Ferrara, Translational Surgery Unit, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria di Ferrara, via Aldo Moro 8, 44124 Ferrara, Department of Physical Intelligence, Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Heisenbergstr. 3, Stuttgart 70569



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