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Modification of Optical and Electrical Characteristics of PEDOT:PSS by Umbelliferone Addition: Optical and Electrical Characterization of Umbelliferone Doped PEDOT:PSS for Photovoltaic Applications

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Leonardo Schneider Berlim, Fabiano Thomazi, Ezequiel Burkarter, Claudia Eliana Bruno Marino, Amando Siuiti Ito and Cesar Augusto Dartora*   Pages 403 - 409 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: In the last 40 years, scientific efforts were focused on the efficiency improvement in organic photovoltaic devices. Bleaching agents were used to absorb UV light and convert it into lower energy radiation appear as potential candidates for further improvements. The present contribution investigated the effect of adding umbelliferone to poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) polystyrene sulfonate (PEDOT:PSS) on its optical and electrical properties.

Methods: Characterizations were performed under various umbelliferone concentrations. Fluorescence decay lifetimes were obtained using a MicroTime 200 system (PicoQuant). The UV–vis absorption spectra were obtained with a GE Healthcare Ultrospec 2100 pro Spectrometer. The electrical conductivity measurements as a function of temperature using a cryostat model ARS CS202AE-DMX-1AL.

Results: The absorbance increases around 325 nm and decreases in the near infrared s the umbelliferone concentration is increased. It also decreases the absorption in the visible spectrum, concomitantly with a significant increase in the UV region. The electrical conductivity for the umbelliferone doped PEDOT:PSS films display an increase with increasing temperature, but does not follow a linear behavior with the increase of umbelliferone concentration in the films.

Conclusion: It was shown that the absorbance displays a redshift in doped samples, while photoluminescence experiments demonstrated that UV light is converted to the visible spectrum more efficiently, which is a desirable feature for photovoltaic devices. Also, the electrical conductivity of PEDOT:PSS is increased for moderate umbelliferone concentrations.

Keywords:

Photovoltaic, umbelliferone, charge transfer, PEDOT:PSS, absorption, fluorescence, lifetime, cyclic voltammetry.

Affiliation:

Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia e Ciencia dos Materiais, Universidade Federal do Parana, Centro Politecnico, Jardim das Americas, 81531-980 Curitiba, Parana, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Federal de Educacao Tecnologica do Parana, Rua Joao Negrao 1285, Reboucas, 80230-150, Curitiba, Parana, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia e Ciencia dos Materiais, Universidade Federal do Parana, Centro Politecnico, Jardim das Americas, 81531-980 Curitiba, Parana, Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Filosofia, Ciencias e Letras, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Av. Bandeirantes, 3900, 14040-901 Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo, Programa de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia e Ciencia dos Materiais, Universidade Federal do Parana, Centro Politecnico, Jardim das Americas, 81531-980 Curitiba, Parana

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