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Nanotechnology in the Management of Bone Diseases and as Regenerative Medicine

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 2 ]

Author(s):

Fabio Franceschini Mitri , Avinash P. Ingle and Mahendra Rai *   Pages 95 - 103 ( 9 )

Abstract:


Background: Nanotechnology has demonstrated great potential for the cure of bone infections through the development of antibacterial nanomaterials. The bone diseases include many skeletal- related illnesses such as arthritis, bone cancer, osteosarcoma and osteoarthritis, which are the major causes of mortality in human beings. Moreover, there are no effective treatment strategies available for such bone diseases. However, these limitations create pressing need to search safe and efficient novel drugs for clinical treatments. In this context, nanotechnology- based targeted drug delivery is widely proposed as an effective treatment strategy.

Objective: Recently, various nanomaterials have been extensively used in the management of bone diseases. Therefore, we aimed to write a comprehensive review on the role of nanotechnology in bone diseases.

Methods: We searched Google and PubMed portals extensively concerning literature of the following subjects so as to get latest updated information related to current developments in the field of nanotechnology in the context of bone diseases.

Results: In the present review, we have discussed the role of the various nanomaterials, which can be promisingly used in the diagnosis and treatment of dentistry and bone cancer. Further, biomedical applications of nanomaterials like imaging, diagnostic, drug delivery and their use as regenerative bone substitutes have also been discussed.

Conclusions: Considering the recent advances in the field, it can be concluded that the development of nano-based approaches can be possible, which will play important role in the diagnosis and treatment of bone diseases, bone regeneration, and tissue reconstruction.

Keywords:

Nanotechnology, nanomaterials, bone diseases, regenerative, medicine, dentistry.

Affiliation:

Human Anatomy Department, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Federal University of Uberlandia, Uberlandia/MG, Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Biotechnology Department, SGB Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra, Nanobiotechnology Laboratory, Biotechnology Department, SGB Amravati University, Amravati, Maharashtra

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