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Development of a New Correlation and Post Processing of Heat Transfer Coefficient and Pressure Drop of Functionalized COOH MWCNT Nanofluid by Artificial Neural Network

[ Vol. 14 , Issue. 2 ]


Mohammad Hemmat Esfe*, Somchai Wongwises, Saeed Esfandeh and Ali Alirezaie   Pages 104 - 112 ( 9 )


Background: Because of nanofluids applications in improvement of heat transfer rate in heating and cooling systems, many researchers have conducted various experiments to investigate nanofluid's characteristics more accurate. Thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity, and heat transfer are examples of these characteristics.

Method: This paper presents a modeling and validation method of heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop of functionalized aqueous COOH MWCNT nanofluids by artificial neural network and proposing a new correlation. In the current experiment, the ANN input data has included the volume fraction and the Reynolds number and heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop considered as ANN outputs.

Results: Comparing modeling results with proposed correlation proves that the empirical correlation is not able to accurately predict the experimental output results, and this is performed with a lot more accuracy by the neural network. The regression coefficient of neural network outputs was equal to 99.94% and 99.84%, respectively, for the data of relative heat transfer coefficient and relative pressure drop. The regression coefficient for the provided equation was also equal to 97.02% and 77.90%, respectively, for these two parameters, which indicates this equation operates much less precisely than the neural network.

Conclusion: So, relative heat transfer coefficient and pressure drop of nanofluids can also be modeled and estimated by the neural network, in addition to the modeling of nanofluid’s thermal conductivity and viscosity executed by different scholars via neural networks.


Nanofluid, MWCNT, heat transfer, artificial neural network, pressure drop, correlation.


Department of Mechanical Engineering, Khomeinishahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Fluid Mechanics , Thermal Engineering and Multiphase Flow Research Lab. (FUTURE), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi, Bangmod, Bangkok, Young Researchers and Elite Club, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Semnan University, Semnan

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