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Heat Transfer Analysis on Transport of Copper Nanofluids Due to Metachronal Waves of Cilia

[ Vol. 10 , Issue. 6 ]


Noreen Sher Akbar, Adil Wahid Butt and N.F.M. Noor   Pages 807 - 815 ( 9 )


The purpose of present investigation is to describe ciliary motion of the transport of fluids in human body based on the mathematical model of the copper nanofluid with pure water as the base fluid. We considered that the group of cilia operate together and produce metachronal waves to transport the fluid at the walls of a tube of finite length. The expressions for exact solutions of the aforementioned problem have been obtained and the results have been discussed graphically for velocity, temperature and pressure gradient for different physical quantities.


Cilia, copper nanofluids, heat transfer, metachronal waves.


Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

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